4. Golden Retriever
Originally hailing from Scotland, this popular dog breed was started in 1865 from a lone yellow pup in a litter of black wavy-coated retrievers, crossbred with a local water spaniel by Lord Tweedmouth of Guisachan. This gorgeous, friendly dog still excels in retrieving, as well as agility and obedience, and as service dogs. But they’re favorite job is being the family pet.
3. German Shepherd
The German shepherd was standardized by breeder Captain Max von Stephanitz in 1889 with a goal of “utility and intelligence.”
As Germany modernized and the need for herding dogs declined, von Stephanitz worked with police and dog clubs to develop a set of protection and obedience tests known as Schutzhund.